|Human beings lived in Zambia some 100.000 years ago. We know that, since very early remains of homo sapiens have been found. In the middle of the 19-th century parts of what is today Zambia got known to the world as Barotseland, because Livingstone travelled in the region. The area was colonized by the British at the end of the century under the name of Northern Rhodesia.
The country became independent in 1964 under the president Kaunda, who step by step enforced a political one-party system upon Zambia. In 1991 free elections were held and a democratic system introduced. From being a poor country with heavy debts, Zambia has today developed a relative wealth, much thanks to farmers from Zimbabwe, who were invited after the confiscation of their previous farms.
Zambia has a well preserved wild life. Close to ten percent of the country is preserved and we find 19 national parks.